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Media Gizi Indonesia

ISSN : 1693-7228

Vol. 1 / No. 2 / Published : 2005-01

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Original Article :

CORRELATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND PHYSICAL FITNESS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

Hubungan Status Gizi dengan Tingkat Kesegaran Jasmani Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Author :

  1. Kiki Ismaya --> Public Health Faculty, Airlangga University
  2. Inong Retno Gunanti --> Lecturer at Nutrition Department, Public Health Faculty, Airlangga University

Abstract :

Childschool period is a quite important period in determining future life of children because nutritional status in school age may affect children’s growth and development. Children suffering from a disease due to malnourished may result in the reduction of their intellectual capability. Nutritional status can affect physical fitness level and physical work performance.The objectives of this study were identifying schoolchildren’s characteristics including age, sex and body type, energy and protein intakes as well as their adequacy, measuring nutritional status and physical fitness level of schoolchildren, analyzing the associations between nutritional status and energy and protein requirements, physical activity level and physical fitness level, the correlation between schoolchildren nutritional status and physical fitness level. This study was conducted by means of interview, observation and measurements (body weight and height, physical fitness level).This was a descriptive correlation study. The population of this study was 127 schoolchildren from third to fifth class of Bendogerit VI Elementary School in Blitar. Fiftyfive schoolchildren were taken randomly as sampel. The correlation between independent variables and dependent variable were analyzed using Chi square test, Kendall t-b test, Kruskal Wallis test, Mann U-Whitney test (α = 0,05).Most of schoolchildren were male (54,5%), aged 9 years (34,5%), with mesomorphic type (41,8%) and normal nutritional status (41,8%). There were 50,9% schoolchildren had good physical fitness level and the rest (49,1%) had poor level. Most of schoolchildren had inadequate energy intake (50,9%) and had adequate protein intake (63,6%). Energy requirement was significantly associated with nutritional status (p=0,019). There were significant associations between regular physical exercise (p=0,000), and physical fitness. There were also significant correlation between body type (p=0,000), frequency of physical exercise (p=0,000), duration of sleep per day (p=0,000), physical activity (p=0,020 ), nutritional status (p=0,035) and physical fitness level, whereas the other independent variables were not associated/correlated with physical fitness level.

Keyword :

nutritional status, physical fitness, schoolchildren,


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