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Kesehatan Lingkungan

ISSN 1829-7285

Vol. 1 / No. 2 / Published : 2005-01

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Original Article :

PENGARUH RESIDU KHLORAMFENIKOL DALAM UDANG WINDU TERHADAP KEJADIAN ANEMIA APLASTIK PADA MENCIT

PENGARUH RESIDU KHLORAMFENIKOL DALAM UDANG WINDU TERHADAP KEJADIAN ANEMIA APLASTIK PADA MENCIT

Author :

  1. Islamulhayati --> Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Propinsi Jawa Timur / -
  2. Soedjajadi Keman --> Dosen di Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM UNAIR / -
  3. Ririh Yudhastuti --> - / -

Abstract :

The utilization of chloramphenicol on fishery product including shrimps, begins at the breeding, nurturing, post yield processing, and marketing phases and continuous onto the food industry and fishery medicine industry phases effecting in remains of chloramphenicol residue in shrimps for human consumption. Therefore the aim of this study was to prove that chloramphenicol residue in shrimps for human consumption influences the appearance of aplastic anemia.             The study was a laboratory factorial design conducted from May 5, 2004 until July 4, 2004 on 36 mice (Mus musculus species) by inducing the consumption of shrimps (Penaeus monodon) with chloramphenicol residue of <0,3 ppb and of >0,3 ppb for 15 days, 30 days, 45 days, and 60 days durations with three times repetitions.             The results showed that chloramphenicol levels both <0,3 ppb and >0,3 ppb had real influences on the appearance of temporary aplastic anemia on mice when subjected to continuous consumptions at extensive quantities and durations, marked by decrease in blood haemoglobin (Hb) from normal conditions as well as changes in erythrocyte form, indicate of the underdeveloped erythrocyte. Mice’s blood during experiment showed a positive indication of chloramphenicol. Decreases in blood Hb occurred from the initial condition of 16.521 g% to 13.281 g% at the 15 days duration, 13.672 g% at the 30 days duration, 14.512 g% at the 45 days duration, and increases to 15.562 g% at the end of the 60 days duration. Erythrocyte form changed from the normochrome normocyter initial condition to the mild hypochrome normocyter, mild hypochrome anisocytosis, hypochrome anisocytosis, and subsequently macroerythrocyte dominated hypochrome anisocytosis at the end of the experiment. Interesting changes occurred at the 30 days duration treatment where mild hypochrome anisocytosis and hypochrome anisocytosis occurred marked by mildly pale cellular colorizations with cellular forms varying from normal, microerythrocyte, to macroerythrocyte. The blood Hb and erythrocyte cellular form normal conditions at the end of the experiment was indicative of resistance due continuous consumption followed by the formation of new normochrome normocyter erythrocytes.             It is concluded that extensive quantities and durations of the consumption of shrimps containing chloramphenicol residue effects in the appearance of temporary aplastic anemia on mice marked by the decrease of blood Hb and the change of erythrocyte cell forms. It is suggested to pursue a further research to identify the parameters for non-hazardous chloramphenicol residue in shrimps for it to be safe for human consumption, as well as to determine the proper treatment and processing method to reduce chloramphenicol residue for safe consumption.

Keyword :

aplastic anemia, chloramphenicol, mice, shrimps. ,


Daftar Pustaka :

  1. Bijanti, R, (2002). Hematopoiesis. Bahan Ajar Praktika Laboratorium Patologi Klinik Veteriner Bidang Studi Kesehatan Ternak Terpadu.. Surabaya : Laboratorium Patologi Klinik Veteriner Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Airlangga
  2. Bijanti, R, Wahjuni R.S., Utomo B., Partosoewignjo S, (1997). Penuntun Praktika Laboratorium Patologi Klinik Veteriner Bidang Studi Kesehatan Ternak Terpadu. . Surabaya : Laboratorium Patologi Klinik Veteriner Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Airlangga
  3. Diskanla, (2002). Evaluasi Issued Chloramphenicol di Jawa Timur. Surabaya : Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Propinsi Jawa Timur.
  4. Winarno, FG, (2002). Masalah Khloramfenikol pada produksi udang di Indonesia. . Jakarta : Departemen Perikanan dan Kelautan.
  5. Setiabudi, R. dan Kunardi L, (1995). Golongan Tetrasiklin dan Khloramfenikol, Farmakologi dan Terapi. Edisi 4 (dengan perbaikan).. Jakarta : Percetakan Gaya Baru.


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 1 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2005-01
  1. Pengaruh Residu Khloramfenikol Dalam Udang Windu Terhadap Kejadian Anemia Aplastik Pada Mencit
  2. Physical Sanitation Condition And Acute Respiratory Tract Infectious Incidence In Children Under Five Years Old
  3. The Effectivity Of Acetic Acid Solution In Reducing Cd Heavy Metal Content In Certain Shellfish Namely ‘kerang Bulu’ Or Anadara Indica
  4. Domestic Port Sanitation In Gresik Port
  5. Potret Iklim Kerja Dan Upaya Pengendalian Lingkungan Pada Perusahaan Peleburan Baja Di Sidoarjo
  6. Settlement Distances To Tpa Open Dumping With Level Density Of Flies And Occurrence Of Diarrhea In Society Resident Of Kenep
  7. Relationship Between Indor Air Quality With Air Conditioned Room And Health Disorders
  8. Relationship Of The Environmental Condition, Container And The Society’s Behavior To The Existence Of The Aedes Aegypti Mosquitoes
  9. Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point
  10. Pengaruh Residu Khloramfenikol Dalam Udang Windu Terhadap Kejadian Anemia Aplastik Pada Mencit
  11. Pengaruh Residu Khloramfenikol Dalam Udang Windu Terhadap Kejadian Anemia Aplastik Pada Mencit