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Kesehatan Lingkungan

ISSN : 1829-7285

Vol. 1 / No. 2 / Published : 2005-01

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Original Article :

Relationship Between Indor Air Quality With Air Conditioned Room and Health Disorders

PENGARUH KUALITAS UDARA DALAM RUANGAN BER-AC TERHADAP GANGGUAN KESEHATAN

Author :

  1. Corie Indria Prasasti --> Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM Universitas Airlangga Mulyorejo FKM Kampus C Unair Surabaya Telp.(031)5964905 / prasasti_corie@yahoo.com, prasasti_corie@unair.ac.id
  2. J Mukono --> Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM Universitas Airlangga Mulyorejo FKM Kampus C Unair Surabaya Telp.(031)5964905
  3. Sudarmaji --> Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM Universitas Airlangga Mulyorejo FKM Kampus C Unair Surabaya Telp.(031)5964905 / janopari@yahoo.com

Abstract :

The use of air conditioning as an alternative to replace natural ventilation may improve comfort and work productivity. However air conditioning that is not well maintained may become a good media for microbial growth. This condition may result in decreased indoor air quality and induce health impairment known as Sick Building Syndrome. The objectives of this study were to analyze the effects of physical and microbiological qualities on health impairment. This study was carried out in an air conditioned, two-story building of PT.Infomedia Nusantara in Surabaya.This was an observational study with cross-sectional approach. This study was carried out by means of interview, observation and measurements including air temperature, relative humidity, air velocity and the number of colony forming units in a cubic meter of air (germs, fungi, and bacteria). The number of population was 94 employees and the number of samples taken was 89 employees using purposive sampling technique. Data collected were analyzed either descriptively (tabulation) and analytically using logistic regression test (α = 0.05). The results of this study showed that air temperatures measured were still within the recommended temperature range, while relative humidity, air velocity and total germs colonies measured in two locations had exceeded the recommended standards. The total colonies of fungi were 0,87 (first floor) and 1,94 (second floor), and total colonies of bacterial were 6,87 (first floor) and 3,21 (second floor) respectively. Complaints experienced by employees were skin irritation (75,28 %), eye irritation (74,16 %), nasal irritation (73,03 %), neurological dissorder (66,29 %), sore throat (46,07 %), and nausea (21,35 %) respectively. Fungus had significant influence (p = 0.048) on nasal irritation, nausea were significantly affected (p = 0.020) by germs whereas the other variables did not influence (p > 0.05) on health problems. It is suggested that the company provide training on indoor air quality (SBS/BRI) to all employees and conduct environmental monitoring as well as performing either preplacement or periodic medical examination. The air conditioning available should be checked and maintained at regular intervals, manager and employees should always participate in keeping the work place clean.

Keyword :

physical and microbiological qualities, air conditioned room, health disturbances,


Daftar Pustaka :

  1. Tjandra Y Aditama, (1992). Polusi Udara dan Kesehatan. Jakarta : Arcan
  2. Tjandra Y Aditama, (2002). Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja . Jakarta : Universitas Indonesia Press
  3. Thad Godish, (1989). Indoor Air Pollution Control. USA : Lewis Publishers
  4. Tan Malaka, (1998). Kualias Udara Ruangan dan Kesehatan. . - : Majalah Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia
  5. Juli Soemirat, (2002). Kesehatan Lingkungan.. Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada University Press


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 1 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2005-01
  1. Pengaruh Residu Khloramfenikol Dalam Udang Windu Terhadap Kejadian Anemia Aplastik Pada Mencit
  2. Physical Sanitation Condition And Acute Respiratory Tract Infectious Incidence In Children Under Five Years Old
  3. The Effectivity Of Acetic Acid Solution In Reducing Cd Heavy Metal Content In Certain Shellfish Namely ‘kerang Bulu’ Or Anadara Indica
  4. Domestic Port Sanitation In Gresik Port
  5. Potret Iklim Kerja Dan Upaya Pengendalian Lingkungan Pada Perusahaan Peleburan Baja Di Sidoarjo
  6. Settlement Distances To Tpa Open Dumping With Level Density Of Flies And Occurrence Of Diarrhea In Society Resident Of Kenep
  7. Relationship Between Indor Air Quality With Air Conditioned Room And Health Disorders
  8. Relationship Of The Environmental Condition, Container And The Society’s Behavior To The Existence Of The Aedes Aegypti Mosquitoes
  9. Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point
  10. Pengaruh Residu Khloramfenikol Dalam Udang Windu Terhadap Kejadian Anemia Aplastik Pada Mencit
  11. Pengaruh Residu Khloramfenikol Dalam Udang Windu Terhadap Kejadian Anemia Aplastik Pada Mencit